Citing Encyclopedias and Reference Books:


An Encyclopedia or Reference Book - Print


BASIC FORMAT: Author (if given). "Article Title." Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year. Medium of Publication.


Note: When citing familiar reference books, especially those that often appear in new editions, full publication information is NOT necessary - only the edition (if available), year of publication, and Medium of Publication.

  • Lessing, Abe. "Egyptian Pyramids." The World Book Encyclopedia. 2010. Print.



Note: When citing less familiar reference books, give full publication information. Give the number of volumes for multi-volume sets.

  • Rodriguez, Maria. "Gangs and Drugs." Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol and Additive Behavior. Ed. Rosa Carson. 2nd ed. 4 vols. New York:


nnnnnnnn Macmillan 2010. Print.


An Encyclopedia or Reference Book - Online



BASIC FORMAT: Author (if given). "Article Title." Title of Online Book. Title of Database or Web site, Year. Medium of Publication. Date of Access.


  • Lessing, Abe. "Egyptian Pyramids." The World Book Encyclopedia Online. World Book, 2010. Web. 20 Nov. 2010.